Backpacking in Spain: Tips & Trails

Backpacking in Spain: A backpacker looks at a beautiful Spanish coast

In this post, we'll take a look at:

Backpacking in Spain opens up a world of diverse trails catering to outdoor enthusiasts of all skill levels.

It’s an exciting destination with diverse natural beauty, featuring everything from lush greenery to desert-like landscapes found in 16 national parks.

This post will explore the realm of ultralight backpacking in Spain, providing essential information for your upcoming adventure.

We’ll also showcase the TOP 5 trails in two categories: day hikes (covering less than 30 miles) and multi-day trips with chances to restock supplies every two days.

Key Tips for Backpacking in Spain

  • What to expect: Anticipate hot and sunny weather throughout most of the year, especially in the summer. The trails range from rugged and steep to relatively flat dirt paths. Get ready for both coastal and high mountain hiking. You’ll explore diverse landscapes, including coastline, forests, valleys, canyons, and high alpine terrain. After your hike, look forward to charming towns with local bars and restaurants to enjoy.
  • Essential gear: It’s a good idea to wear lightweight, breathable layers since temperatures can change a lot between night and day, especially as you climb higher. Also, don’t forget to bring a water filter.
  • Wildlife: Venomous snakes and harmful insects present risks, though rare, in parts of Spain like Catalonia, Burgos, the Ebro valley, and Northern Spain. Be vigilant for vipers, widows, scorpions, centipedes, and disease-carrying mosquitoes.
  • Wild camping: While wild camping is technically illegal in Spain, enforcement varies by region. Some autonomous communities and municipalities turn a blind eye to responsible backcountry camping, while others like Aragon and Galicia strictly enforce the ban. If you plan to camp outside organized campgrounds, research local regulations first to avoid fines or other hassles. If you’re determined to go wild camping, don’t forget to take a look at our post on stealth camping.
  • Best times to go: The best times for backpacking in Spain are spring from mid-March to May when temperatures are mild and wildflowers bloom, and early fall in September and October when the weather is dry and the crowds thin out. Experienced backpackers can also find tranquility and beautiful snowcapped scenery in the mountains in winter from December to February.

Top 5 Day Hikes (Under 30 Miles)

Explore these fantastic day hikes to elevate your adventures with ultralight equipment:

  1. Montaña Blanca – Pico del Teide (11.6 miles).
    See on AllTrails.
  2. The Cares Trail (13.3 miles).
    See on AllTrails.
  3. Northern Way: Pasaia – San Sebastian (8.2 miles).
    See on AllTrails.
  4. French Way: O Pino – Santiago de Compostela (12.3 miles).
    See on AllTrails.
  5. French Way: Pamplona – Puente La Reina (14.6 miles).
    See on AllTrails.

Top 5 Multi-Day Trips

  1. Camino Primitivo Full Route (44.1 miles).
    See on AllTrails.
  2. French Way: Casanova Mato – Arzúa (31.2 miles).
    See on AllTrails.
  3. French Way: Sarria – Santiago de Compostela (67.7 miles).
    See on AllTrails.
  4. Carros de Foc (39.6 miles).
    See on AllTrails.
  5. Dry Stone Route (GR®221) (83.8 miles).
    See on AllTrails.

Annual Weather Averages

The Mediterranean climate brings precipitation in spring and fall, with hot, dry summers ideal for higher elevation trekking:

  • Spring (March-May): Mild temperatures of 10-20°C, wildflowers blooming, pleasant hiking conditions. Some rain expected.
  • Summer (June-August): Hot, dry weather from 25-35°C. Best to backpack at higher elevations for cooler temps. Afternoon storms possible.
  • Fall (September-November): Moderate temps of 15-25°C. Less chance of rain. Leaves changing color in mountainous areas in October/November.
  • Winter (December-February): Cold temperatures ranging from highs of 5-15°C to lows below freezing in the mountains. Snow common at higher elevations.

Check the weather forecast for Spain (Madrid), before selecting your gear. Spain has five climate zones, with Madrid primarily experiencing a continental climate, covering 70% of the country.

Remember, the north of Spain is cooler, and the south is warmer, so plan accordingly:

High °F515562667586929182705850
Low °F353741455260656559514245
Rain/Snow (D*)7610996236889
Note: This table is approximate; weather can change with altitude.
D* – Days of rain or snow.


Can I have a campfire while backpacking in Spain?

Campfires while backpacking in Spain require careful planning as regulations are strict to prevent wildfires. Obtain required permits if fires are exceptionally allowed only in designated campfire rings or grills. Fires are often prohibited during dry seasons when wildfire risk is high. Research specific rules on open flames, which vary across Spain’s provinces and national parks. Carry a camp stove and fuel as a safer alternative for cooking food.

What are some safety tips for backpacking in Spain?

When hiking or backpacking in Spain, prepare for hot conditions by packing plenty of water, sun protection, and electrolyte supplements. Research your route thoroughly, especially in more remote areas like the Pyrenees. Carry a map, compass, GPS device, and a first aid kit. Tell others your plans and schedule check-ins. Avoid hiking alone whenever possible. Watch your footing on steep, rocky trails. Learn some basic Spanish phrases in case you need to ask for help. Study signs and stay on marked trails to avoid trespassing on private land.

How to deal with wildlife encounters while backpacking in Spain?

When you go hiking or backpacking in Spain, stay alert and make noise to avoid surprising wildlife. Give bears, wolves, wild boars, and other animals plenty of space. Never approach, feed, or try to touch them. After your hike, wear insect repellent and check for ticks to prevent diseases. Be careful around ground squirrel and marmot burrows. If you’re followed by protective livestock dogs, stand still and then back away slowly. If you get bitten or scratched by an animal, make sure to seek medical care right away.

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